Indonesian Traditional Games

14 Nov

Fun & Exiting Traditional Games

Indonesia is an archipelago with a variety of races and cultures. One of which is a traditional game. Here by I put some pictures of power point slides/ Image that I made ​​to teach my students about the traditional games, because kids nowadays very few who still play this games. Most of them are familiar with the electronics game that I think makes children today are too selfish and individuals.

I hope that the presence of this blog will be able to help all children become a human being that creative, cheerful, smart, healthy, friendly, and get a good benefit from these traditional games.

Let’s Play the Games

1.     Hom Pimpa Alaium Gambreng

“From the God Back to the God, Let Us Play”

Before Start the game usually we make this to choose who will be the first player.

Hom pim pa alaium gambreng

2.     Kelereng (Marbles)



3.     Gasing (Spinning Top/ gyroscope)

The game of the gyroscope was almost received all over the territory in Indonesia. This game is usually played by the male child was 7-17 years old, could be carried out by the individual and in teams. The gyroscope is usually made from wood that was formed in such a way with the sharp part underneath. This game was competitive, pitted the skill and skills in turning the gyroscope.


4.     Loncat Tali (Jumping Rope)

In areas where people are supporters of Melayu culture there is a game called rope free. The core of the game is to jump rope-knotted rubber. The naming game is related to behavior or acts committed player itself, especially on the last jump. In this jump (the last one), rope stretched by the holder fist raised high into the air. Fist is almost similar to what is done by the fighters when he said the word “Merdeka” (Independent).

Lompat Tali

 5.      Enggrang (Walking on Stilts)

Egrang were the traditional Indonesian game that was not yet known definitely from where from him, but could be encountered in various areas by the name of different like: some West Sumatra territories by the name of Tengkak-tengkak from Tengkak words (crippled), Ingkau that in the Bengkulu language meant bamboo shoes and in Central Java by the name of Jangkungan that came from the name of leaning birds long. Stilts personally came from the Lampung language that meant clogs amputated that was made from elliptical bamboo. In the Series language in South Kalimantan was mentioned batungkau. Egrang were made from the stick of bamboo in a long manner approximately 2,5 metre. Around 50cm from beneath, was made where standing foot that was level in a wide manner approximately 20cm. The method of playing him was in a racing manner proceeding used these stilts from one-sided the field to the other side. The fastest person and did not fall he his winner.


6.     Gogorolongan or Rorodaan

Gogorolongan is traditional game equipment.  Made of wood, bamboo, or sandals former, especially sandals claws. The trick is not so difficult and easily performed by children and of course with cheap capital, sufficient will and skill alone. Due to make it easy, then, this first toy so children enjoy doing. Gogorolongan be said, because this toy ngagorolong (can move forward by using wheels because the push. Simple picture, gogorolongan shaped like a wheel driven.


 7.     Congklak

The game congklak was the game that was played by two people that usually the woman. The implement that was used was made from wood or plastic have the shape of was similar to the boat in a long manner around 75 cm and wide 15 cm. To his two tips was gotten the hole that was acknowledged as the mother. Delivered by both of them was gotten the hole that was smaller than his mother with diameter approximately 5 cm. Each numbering row 7 holes. To each small hole was filled up with the shellfish or the seeds totaling 7. His playing method of being by taking the available seeds in the hole of our property of the side part afterwords filled up this seeds one by one to the hole that was passed through including the parent hole of our property (the left-hand parent hole) except the parent hole belonging to the opponent, if the last seed fell in the hole that was gotten the other seeds then stone this was taken again to be continued filled up further holes. Like that henceforth until the last seed fell to hole that was empty. If this last seed fell for the empty hole then the turn of the opposing player who carried out the game. This game ended if the seeds that was gotten in the small hole was finished was gathered. His winner was the child who often gathered the seeds to the parent hole of his property. This game was means of arranging the strategy and precision.


 8.     Gatrik

Gatrik or Tak Kadal had in his period become the game that was popular in Indonesia. Was the game of the group, consisted of two groups. This game used the implement from two bamboo discounts that one resembled the measuring stick thought thought 30 cm and other measuring smaller. It was first that the small bamboo discount was placed around two previous stones was stricken by the bamboo stick, was continued by striking this small bamboo as far as possible, the hammer will continue struck till several times until his blow time not escaped was wrong from this small bamboo. After failing then the following person from this group will continue. Until the turn of the last person. After being finished then the opposing group will give the gift took the form of the sling with the standard of the distance from small bamboo that was last as far as the beginning stone of the game was begun earlier. Increasingly far, then increasingly was glad being carried and the opposing group will be increasingly tired carried.


 9.     Galasin (Mangrove)

Galah asin or in the other area was mentioned Galasin or Gobak Sodor was a kind of game of the area from Indonesia. This game was a game of the group that consisted of two groups, where respectively the team consisted of 3 – 5 people.

The core of his game was blocked the opponent in order to be able to not slip away beyond the line to the last line in a manner walked up and down, and to gain the victory of all of the group’s member must completely carried out the process of walking up and down in the area of the field that was determined. This game is usually played in the field of badminton with the available reference of lines or could also by using the field of the quadrangle with the measurement 9 x 4 m. that was shared to 6 parts.

The borderline from each part usually was signaled with the lime. The group’s member who received the turn to maintain this field was divided two, that is the group’s member who was on duty at the horizontal borderline and the vertical borderline. For the group’s member who got the task of being on duty at the horizontal borderline, then they will try to obstruct their opponent who also tried to pass the borderline that has been determined as the free borderline. For the group’s member who got the task of being on duty at the vertical borderline (generally only one person), then this person had access for the vertical borderline whole that was located in the middle of the field. This game was very fascinating at the same time really was difficult because anyone must always be on the alert and run as quickly as possible if being needed to gain the victory.


 10. Batok Kelapa (Coconut shell)

Game Procedure:

  • This game can be played with at least 2 people.
  • Take 2 pieces of coconut shells that have been given a rope at the end.
  • 2 Shell oil bound used by one player.
  • Take the coconut shell with tiptoe (toes touching the shell while the heel should not touch the ground).
  • provide initial line (start) line end (finish).
  • Then run using the shell as soon as it reaches the end (finish line).
  • Participants were first to reach the finish line (finish line) will be the champion and the games completed.

    Game Rules:
  • Not to be jumped.
  • He who falls shall be declared lost.
  • Whoever touches the ground is declared lost.

Batok Kelapa

 11. Balap karung (Gunny Sack Race)

someone should jump wear sack from the starting line towards the end of the track and return the original starting line. If done in a group game, when the player has returned to the starting line and he will be replaced by another player in the team. And, the team that made ​​it to the start / finish in the fastest time is declared the winner.

For the record, the race typically use knockout as many number of participants. So, if a person or a team managed to win, he had to fight again another winner. While the losing disqualified and can’t play anymore.

Balap Karung

 12.Bentengan (Fortress)

bentengan in this game the players are in demand for making smart strategies, compact, agile and willing to cooperate. So in addition to treating sports, traditional games also trains mental and honing creativity.

how to play:

  • bentengan game is more fun if played by 6 or more children.
  • The players were divided into 2 groups.
  • each group to choose a tree or pole as their stronghold.
  • Player’s task is not to maintain its stronghold in controlled opponents.
  • they also had to protect his friends being in an enemy prisoner


 13. Engklek (Hopscotch)

This game has many other names or terms. Some call teklek ciplak gunung, demprak and much more. The terms mentioned are diverse, but the game is still played the same. This game can be found in various regions in Indonesia, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Kalimantan, and Sulawesi with a different name.
How to play is very simple, just jump on one leg on each plots has been described previously in the ground. To be able to play every child should have kereweng or gacuk which is usually broken tiles, ceramic floor or a flat stone. Kreweng / gacuk thrown to one depicted on the land plots, plots that there should not be trampled the gacuk / occupied by each player, so the players have to jump to the next with one foot swath around the plots there. When the cast must not exceed the appropriate boxes if exceeded then disqualified and replaced by the next player Players who completed the first round of gacuk throwing his way back to hopscotch. If it fits in the desired plot the plot would be a “field”, meaning that the players concerned the square can step plot with two legs, while other players can’t step on it during the game plot. Participants who have a “field” at the most is the winner. The sport is very exciting because usually the most common mistakes made is when we throw gacuk but not fitting the box or slip out of place.


 14. Ular Naga (Dragon Snake)

How to play the game fairly easy, two men served as traps children into line like a snake kept in and around the two men singing until all the children out in the ‘feeding’ the trap and choosing between the two traps as a leader. The next trap each leader must keep intact children being eaten by the other

This song is sung by all players, including the “gate”, i.e when the line moving in a circle or a creeper.

 Ular naga panjangnya bukan kepalang

Menjalar jalar selalu kian kemari

Umpan yang besar itulah yang di cari

Ini dia lah yang terbelakang…..

Then, taking a break through the “gate”, a line saying “empty – empty – empty” repeatedly until the whole row over and started singing again and spread on top. Similarly, apply two or three times.

On the last time through the “gate”, a line saying “content – content – the content” several times, until the end of the line and the last child in the aftermath of snakes captured (the “gate” closes and last child circled the hands of those who are still hooked ).

and these are my Lovely students played Ular Naga.

I hope these traditional games can be used for Young learners in every country to have a wonderful childhood like me 😀


To the extent possible under law,


has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to
this work.

Leave a comment

Posted by on November 14, 2012 in Education, Games


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: